Lazio, South of Italy

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Attempting to explain the enormity of ‘Lazio’ in just a few lines is an impossible task. Therefore, we choose to focus on Rome…

Multi-faceted Rome offers its travelers many tucked-away corners to discover: from the world-famous Piazza di Spagna (with the Spanish Steps) to the heralded Trevi Fountain (which for many represents the true essence of ‘La Dolce Vita). Let us not forget to mention Campo de’Fiori, Piazza Navona, the Colosseum and of course, the Roman Forum, one of the largest open air museums in the world. Rounding a corner, you may meander into St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums, housing the spectacular Sistine Chapel, whose ceiling is mesmerizingly covered with paintings by Michelangelo. An eclectic and varied menu of activities, tours and quite possibly ‘once in a lifetime’ experiences is available throughout this fabled city centered in the region of Lazio.

CULTURAL EXPERIENCES

First time visitors are highly recommended to book our ‘Imperial Rome Tour’ which includes the iconic Colosseum and Roman Forum, and/or the ‘Baroque Rome Experience’ which showcases many of the treasured works of Bernini and Borromini. Seeing the Vatican Museums – featuring the exquisitely infamous and amazing Sistine Chapel – is an absolute must on any first time visitor’s bucket list. Echos from some of Rome’s most authentic atmospheres of the past will be vibrantly evident through visits to the Campo de’ Fiori, Trastevere and Testaccio districts. Those returning to Rome for a second (or third, or fourth…) time should most definitely experience the famous Castelli Romani area, which includes beauties such as Castelgandolfo (the ‘Holy See’s’ summer residence), Ariccia, Genzano, Rocca di Papa and Frascati and even the beautiful Tivoli with its famous Roman Villas Adriana and d’Este.

FOCUS

Lazio (UK /ˈlætsi/, US /ˈlɑːtsi/; Italian: [ˈlattsjo]; Latin: Latium) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy, situated in the central peninsular section of the country. With almost 5.9 million residents and a GDP of more than 170 billion euros, Lazio is the second most populated region of Italy (having approximately the same in population as Campania),[1] and has the second largest economy of the nation. Its capital is Rome, capital and third largest city of Italy.

Lazio comprises a land area of 17,236 km2 (6,655 sq mi) and it has borders with Tuscany, Umbria, and Marche to the north, Abruzzo and Molise to the east, Campania to the south, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The region is mainly flat and hilly, with small mountainous areas in the most eastern and southern districts. The coast of Lazio is mainly composed of sandy beaches, punctuated by the headlands of Circeo (541 m) and Gaeta (171 m). The Pontine Islands, which are part of Lazio, lie opposite the southern coast. Behind the coastal strip, to the north, lies the Maremma Laziale (the continuation of Tuscan Maremma), a coastal plain interrupted at Civitavecchia by the Tolfa Mountains (616 m). The central section of the region is occupied by the Roman Campagna, a vast alluvial plain surrounding the city of Rome, with an area of approximately 2,100 km2 (811 sq mi). The southern districts are characterized by the flatlands of Agro Pontino, a once swampy and malarial area, that was reclaimed over the centuries.

The Preapennines of Latium, marked by the Tiber valley and the Liri with the Sacco tributary, include on the right of the Tiber, three groups of mountains of volcanic origin: the Volsini, Cimini and Sabatini, whose largest former craters are occupied by the Bolsena, Vico and Bracciano lakes. To the south of the Tiber, other mountain groups form part of the Preapennines: the Alban Hills, also of volcanic origin, and the calcareous Lepini, Ausoni and Aurunci Mountains. The Apennines of Latium are a continuation of the Apennines of Abruzzo: the Reatini Mountains with Terminillo (2,213 m), Mounts Sabini, Prenestini, Simbruini and Ernici which continue east of the Liri into the Mainarde Mountains. The highest peak is Mount Gorzano (2,458 m) on the border with Abruzzo.

With a population of about 5.887 million, Lazio was at the end of 2014 the second most populated region of Italy.[1] The overall population density in the region is 341 inhabitants per km2. However, the population density widely ranges from almost 800 inhabitants per km2 in the highly urbanized Province of Rome to less than 60 inhabitants per km2 in the mountainous and rural Province of Rieti. As of January 2010, the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 497,940 foreign-born immigrants live in Lazio, equal to 8.8% of the total regional population.[5]

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